Friday, February 18, 2011

Housing notes

When only salinated water is available people have built houses with inverted thatched roofs for collecting water.

Homes in caves will have a tube rising out of the soil above ground for ventilation.

People have dug pits and built their homes in them so that enemies walking the flat desert like ground above cannot see their home from far away.

If the winters are cold the larger side of the building will often face south.

If the summers are exceptionally hot it can help to put house under south facing cliff.

Don't forget to put granaries in villages. They're often on stilts to protect against rats. Sometimes built above pools of water to protect against fire. Some earthen granaries will have stone feet to keep animals out and protect base. Granaries have holes on top for placing crops in. Sometimes a large round stone will be place between the base of a granary and a tall post elevating the granary. This is a guard against rats.

Villages will often have pigeon towers so that the poop can be collected for fertilizer.

When there isn't any flat land around, the land will be terraced for farming.

Compact community living structure if there's danger of enemies attacking. For example all of the homes built to connect and form a circle.

The protruding sticks of wood that begin at head height are there because they were used for scaffolding for placing the uppermost mud bricks.

Low wall about a foot and a half tall for keeping animals out and keeping babies in.

Roofs can be painted white to reflect heat.

Columns extruded next to doorways to shade doorways to improve ventilation via cooler air.

Single entrance and extremely tiny sleeping quarters placed on roof to protect against slaver attacks. Harder to drag out in their sleep. In this situation there will also be holes along the walls so that if a shadow passes in front of them, the people inside will know someone is outside.

Bathrooms elevated because rain evaporates before hitting ground

China- Outside is earth with interior being cedar. 1st floor for cooking and eating. 2nd is for storage. 3rd and 4th for sleeping.

Houses in flood territory are often built on stilts. If the area is also prone to earthquakes, there will be plenty of horizontal or diagonal poles/struts.

Living sod roofs for insulation.

Rope over reed roofs to protect against storm.

Religious buildings tend to be taller than surrounding buildings. Unless god is associated with earth, then building may be nestled into ground.

Remember that most mud structures are molded with the hands giving them a unique looking texture. Mud is often formed into coils and sort of knitted together. Mud can also be rammed into molds though.

Mud often used when other materials are sparse or those other resources are needed for other things. Mud is easy to make, versatile and recyclable. Mud homes are more earthquake resistance that mortared homes.

Homes are often domed with a hole on top for light and ventilation.

Stone foundations tend to have this pattern; rocks laid diagonally to the right,rocks laid flat, and then rocks laid diagonally to the left. This appears to be strictly for decorative purposes.

Bamboo is great for construction since you can use the poles or flatten them and weave them together.

In Aruba fence lines are created by lines of cacti.

Check out Masule, Iran to see adjacent homes with flat mud roofs that double as streets.

When stone-slate rock is used for roofs in windy areas, you'll see smaller rocks on top of each shingle.

Houses with wood roof shingles may have small, eye shaped opening to provide ventilation.

Palm roofs can have hinged windows in the roof.

Thatch and packed earth buildings are labor intensive and therefor not very common in more developed areas.

Thatched roof can sort of be covered with a net in case of severe storms.

Inle Lake, Myanmar people make small floating islands that are sold and traded as plots for growing vegetables.

People living in houses out on the ocean often grow and sell seaweed for a living. Or keep fish and alligators to sell.

On the Lofoten Islands the landscape is dominated by wooden structures for hanging cod.

Pakistan. Some buildings have these structures that look kind of like an outhouse without two walls for the purpose of catching wind and directing it into the home. Wind blows consistently in one direction here.

2 comments:

Michael Prescott said...

Neato, where did you pick up all these details? I assume this was part of your research for Porg habitats?

Joe Slucher said...

I liked anthropology in college and ended up buying a book called Built by Hand which led to A Shelter Sketchbook, Home Work, and Castles:Their Construction and History. I took notes on notecards and never transcribed them to something easier to access. Figured posting them on the blog would make it easier for me.